journal1 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 462-464.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-05-06

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Short- term effficacy of digital augmentative and alternative communication for children with autism.

YANG Si-yuan1, MENG Ling-bo2, MAI Jian-ning1.   

  1. 1 Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623, China;
    2 Liwan District Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510375, China
  • Received:2014-06-19 Online:2015-05-10 Published:2015-05-10


杨思渊1, 孟灵博2, 麦坚凝1   

  1. 1 广州市妇女儿童医疗中心, 广东 广州 510623;
    2 广州市荔湾区妇幼保健院, 广东 广州 510375
  • 作者简介:杨思渊(1979-), 男, 江西人, 主治医师, 硕士学位, 主要研究方向为儿童精神发育性疾病的诊治。

Abstract: Objective To explore the short-term efficacy of Digital Augmentative and Alternative Communication(DAAC) for children with autism. Methods A total of 21 autistic children with low speech funtion were randomly assigned to DAAC group, Picture Exchanged Communication System(PECS)group and control group.Then the short-term efficacy was compared under different intervention. Results Comprared with control group, PECS group and DAAC group enhanced desire for communication and social skill, decreased abnormal behavior, but no difference was found between DAAC group and PECS group.DAAC was easily learned and used at home relative to PECS. Conclusion DAAC is a kind of the assistive equipment which is easily learned and effective.

Key words: autism, Digital Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Picture Exchanged Communication System

摘要: 目的 探讨搭载于平板电脑的电子辅助沟通系统(Digital Augmentative and Alternative Communication, DAAC)对孤独症儿童的近期效果。方法 选择4~6岁缺乏有效语言沟通的孤独症儿童21名, 随机分成DAAC组、图片交换沟通系统(Picture Exchanged Communication System, PECS)组及对照组, 比较三组儿童在引起沟通、沟通能力上、行为问题上的改善情况。使用SPSS 13.0进行数据处理分析。结果 DAAC及PECS有利于提升孤独症儿童的沟通意向, 改善沟通能力, 减少情绪行为问题(P<0.05), 但两组间的效果差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。DAAC相比较PECS而言, 更易学会, 易于泛化使用(P<0.05)。结论 DAAC是孤独症儿童容易掌握且切实有效的辅助沟通工具。

关键词: 孤独症, 电子辅助沟通系统, 图片交换沟通系统

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