journal1 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (10): 1041-1043.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-10-09

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Development of Self-Care Ability Scale for 3~6 years old children.

LIN Zhen1,CHEN Yi-rong1,2,LIN Yong-le1,LIN Qi-yi3.   

  1. 1 School of Education Science,Quanzhou Normal University,Quanzhou,Fujian 362000,China;
    2 School of Psychology,Central China Normal University,Wuhan,Hubei 430079,China;
    3 School of Psychology,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210097,China
  • Received:2016-04-18 Online:2016-10-01 Published:2016-10-01
  • Contact: CHEN Yi-rong,



  1. 1 泉州师范学院教育科学学院,福建 泉州 362000;
    2 华中师范大学心理学院,湖北 武汉 430079;
    3 南京师范大学心理学院,江苏 南京 210097
  • 通讯作者: 陈奕荣,
  • 作者简介:林桢(1993-),女,福建人,主要研究方向为儿童发展心理学。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To develop a Self-care Ability Inventory (Parenting Style Questionnaire) for 3~6 years old children.Method A random cluster sampling method was conducted on 400 parents of young children,the explorative and confirmatory factor analysis were carried out. Results The questionnaire embodied 33 items and composed of five dimensions those were dressing up,sleeping,having meal,going to toilet and others,and could be interpreted as the variance 54.841%,which showed the basic adaptation of the scale of the overall pattern was better; and the overall coefficient was 0.915,five dimension′ coefficient was between 0.716~0.898,split-half reliability was 0.800,five dimension′ split-half reliability was between 0.735~0.854. Conclusions The Self-care Ability Scale for 3~6 years old children have a good performance that indicate the scale could be employed as a tool to assess the self-care ability for 3~6 years old children.

Key words: 3~6 years old children, self-care ability, questionnaire development

摘要: 目的 编制3~6岁幼儿生活自理能力(家长版)问卷,为评估幼儿生活自理能力提供测量工具。方法 采取整群随机的方式抽取400名幼儿家长进行调查,通过探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析对问卷进行检验。结果 幼儿生活自理能力由穿衣情况、睡眠情况、进餐情况、盥洗情况和其他情况五因子33个题项构成,可解释变量54.841%,表示该量表整体模式的基本适配度较好;而总量表的内部一致性系数为0.915,各维度内部一致性信度在0.716~0.898之间,总量表的分半信度为0.800,各分量表的分半信度在0.735~0.854之间,表明该量表具有良好的信度。结论 构建的3~6岁幼儿生活自理能力问卷具有良好结构效度和信度,可作为评估幼儿生活自理能力的工具。

关键词: 3~6岁幼儿, 生活自理能力, 问卷编制

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