journal1 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 395-397.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2017-25-04-21

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Analysis of nutritional status among children in poverty-stricken areas of Hubei province

ZHOU Yong-jie1,LI Fu1,CAO Zhong-qiang2,DU Yu-kai2   

  1. 1 Affiliated Mental Health Center of Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,Wuhan,Hubei 430015,China;
    2 School of Public Health,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,Wuhan,Hubei 430030,China
  • Received:2016-04-23 Online:2017-04-10 Published:2017-04-10
  • Contact: DU Yu-kai,



  1. 1 华中科技大学同济医学院附属精神卫生中心,湖北 武汉 430015;
    2 华中科技大学公共卫生学院,湖北 武汉 430030
  • 通讯作者: 杜玉开,
  • 作者简介:周勇杰(1976-),女,湖北人,主治医师,博士学位,主要研究方向为儿童青少年精神心理健康。

Abstract: Objective To analyse the characteristics of nutritional status,and association with poverty,and to provide scientific basis for improving children's nutritional status in poverty-stricken areas. Methods 0~17 years-old children in 4 800 rural families of four impoverished areas were selected as this subjects,and 4 621 families completed the interview,the completion rate was 96.3%.Multi-stage stratified cluster sampling was applied and SPSS18.0 was adopted for data processing and analysis. Results The incidence rate of growth retardation and emaciation rate was 8.5%,and anemia prevalence rate was as high as 33.3% among underprivileged children.Safe drinking water and sanitation deprivation,anemia and emaciation were closely related to growth retardation in children.Economic and education deprivation,health and information deprivation,growth retardation and anemia were related to emaciation in children.All poverty except of safe drinking water was related to anemia in children (P<0.05). Conclusion The children's nutritional status is not optimistic in poor regions,and which is closely related to all dimensions of poverty,the key measures of improve children's nutritional status is to relieve poverty.

Key words: children&apos, s nutritional status, poverty, growth retardation, anemia, emaciation

摘要: 目的 分析贫困地区儿童营养状况特点及其与贫困的关系,为改善贫困地区儿童健康状况提供科学依据。方法 采用多阶段分层整群抽样原则,对湖北四大贫困片区0~17岁儿童的营养状况展开问卷调查。使用SPSS18.0对所有数据进行处理和分析。结果 贫困地区儿童生长迟缓及消瘦发生率均为8.5%,而贫血患病率高达33.3%。安全饮水和卫生设施贫困与儿童生长迟缓,经济贫困、教育贫困、健康剥夺和信息剥夺与儿童消瘦呈显著相关,除安全饮水外的各贫困维度均与儿童贫血呈显著相关(P<0.05)。儿童生长迟缓、消瘦及贫血存在独立相关关系。结论 贫困地区儿童营养状况不容乐观,其发生与贫困各维度均密切相关,解除贫困是改善儿童健康状况的关键措施。

关键词: 儿童营养状况, 贫困, 生长迟缓, 贫血, 消瘦

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