journal1 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (7): 731-733.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2017-25-07-24

• Orignal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Survey on the use and influencing factors for child restraint system among preschool children in the central city of Shanghai

LI Wei-yi, GAO Shu-na, SU Hui-jia, FU Chao-wei, WANG Ye-jing   

  1. 1 Department of Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention,Huangpu Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Shanghai 200023,China;
    2 Shanghai Center of Disease Control and Prevention,Shanghai 200336,China;
    3 Department of Epidemiology,School of public health,Fudan University,Shanghai 200032,China
  • Received:2017-02-27 Online:2017-07-10 Published:2017-07-10
  • Contact: WANG Ye-jing,
  • Supported by:
    上海市黄浦区区科委课题(HKW201553); 上海市卫计委青年课题(2016y0572)


李为翊1, 高淑娜1, 苏慧佳2, 付朝伟3, 王烨菁1   

  1. 1 上海市黄浦区疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治科,上海 200023;
    2 上海市 疾病预防控制中心,上海 200336;
    3 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室,上海 200032
  • 通讯作者: 王烨菁,
  • 作者简介:李为翊(1988-),男,上海人,医师,主要研究方向为伤害预防控制。

Abstract: Objective To investigate the current status of child restraint system(CRS) use,and analyze related factors. Methods A questionnaire survey of children's car taking status was conducted among 1 119 3~6 years old children's parents who owned private car selected through cluster random sampling in Huangpu district.The survey included basic demographic characteristics,the use of CRS etc.Chi square test was used to compare the rates among groups,and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the risk factors. Results Of 1 119 parents surveyed,62.02%(694/1 119) reported to have CRSs and 25.92%(290/1 119) reported consistent use of CRS.Multivariate analysis indicated that young age of children,local household registration,One-child family,high level of education of parents,good family economic status were the positive factors for CRSs use.The parents' awareness of importance of children's taking car safety,the frequency and distance of children's car taking significantly influenced the CRS use. Conclusion sThe CRS utilization rate is low.Parents have misunderstandings in using CRS to protect child passengers safety,it is necessary to strengthen the propaganda and education.

Key words: child restraint system, children traffic safety, cross-sectional study

摘要: 目的 了解儿童安全座椅使用情况,分析影响使用的相关因素。方法 对黄浦区内整群随机抽样的1 119名3~6岁有车家庭儿童家长进行《儿童乘车现况》问卷调查,内容包括人口学特征、儿童安全座椅的使用情况等。采用χ2检验比较组间率,多因素Logistic回归分析筛选危险因素。结果 在1 119名调查对象中有694个家庭(62.02%)配备了儿童安全座椅,总是使用率25.92%(290/1 119)。儿童年龄越小、本市户籍、独生子女,家长文化程度高、家庭经济条件好是使用儿童安全座椅的保护因素,家长对儿童乘车安全的认知正确、儿童乘车出行距离、出行频次显著影响儿童安全座椅的使用。结论 儿童安全座椅使用率低,家长对儿童乘车安全知识存在认知误区,亟待加强宣传教育。

关键词: 儿童安全座椅, 儿童道路安全, 横断面研究

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