journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 574-576.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-0856

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Prevalence of addiction to smart mobile devices and its related factors among high school students in Changning district

LI Yu-hua, ZHUANG Yin-zhu, JIANG Yu, XIA Qing-hua   

  1. Center for Disease Control and Preventionin Shanghai Changning District,Shanghai 200051,China
  • Received:2018-10-25 Online:2019-05-10 Published:2019-05-10
  • Contact: XIA Qing-hua,


李玉华, 庄尹竹, 姜玉, 夏庆华   

  1. 上海市长宁区疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治科,上海 200051
  • 通讯作者: 夏庆华,
  • 作者简介:李玉华(1985-),女,河南人,主管医师,主要研究方向为慢性病防治。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To know about the rate of addiction to smart mobile devices and its related factors among high school students,in order to provide reference for the scientific and appropriate use of smart mobile devices. Methods Totally 949 students from high schools in Changning district were selected by using stratified cluster random sampling method.A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence of addiction to smart mobile devices.Young scale was used to assess the addiction,and the mental health and loneliness were collected by the scale of K10 and USL-8,respectively. Results The rate of addiction to smart mobile device among high school students was 14.33%(136/949).Students with different grades,study conditions,arrangements,or intentions had different rate of addiction(χ2=43.046,8.711,21.652,13.970,P<0.05).The addicted students had higher scores of both K10 and USL-8 than the others(Z=-7.998,-7.297,P<0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that senior high school students(OR=1.822,95%CI:1.167-2.585),intention of entertainment(OR=1.572,95%CI:1.060-2.330),score of K10 higher than 14(OR=2.788,95%CI:1.786-4.352) and score of USL-8 higher than 14(OR=2.013,95%CI:1.320-3.071) were risk factors of addiction to smart mobile devices. Conclusion The addiction to smart mobile device is prevalent,and more attention should be paid to those in senior high school,with intention of entertainment,poor mental health and loneliness.

Key words: high school students, smart mobile device, addiction

摘要: 目的 了解长宁区中学生智能终端的成瘾现况及其相关因素,为指导中学生科学、合理地使用智能终端提供依据。方法 2017年5月采用分层整群抽样的方法在长宁区中学抽取949名学生,通过问卷调查的方式收集学生智能终端的成瘾现况,参考Young网络成瘾评价方法进行成瘾是否的判定,分别通过K10 量表和ULS-8量表收集学生的心理健康状况及孤独感,探讨学生智能终端成瘾的相关因素。结果 中学生智能终端成瘾检出率为14.33%(136/949)。单因素分析显示年级段、学习成绩、使用安排方式、使用目的均与成瘾检出率有关(χ2分别为43.046、8.711、21.652、13.970,P<0.05),成瘾组学生K10量表及USL-8量表总分均高于非成瘾组(Z值分别为-7.998、-7.297)。多因素分析显示年级高中(OR=1.822,95%CI:1.167~2.585)、使用目的为娱乐(OR=1.572,95%CI:1.060~2.330)、K10量表总分>14分(OR=2.788,95%CI:1.786~4.352)、USL-8量表总分>14分(OR=2.013,95%CI:1.320~3.071)是智能终端成瘾的危险因素(P<0.05)。结论 长宁区中学生智能终端成瘾检出率较高,其与年级段及使用目的有关,智能终端成瘾还与心理健康及孤独程度有关,应引起关注。

关键词: 中学生, 智能终端, 成瘾

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