journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1327-1330.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-0880

Special Issue: 孤独症谱系障碍

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Review of methods for assessing mealtime behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorder

ZHANG Peng-fei, LUO Yan   

  1. Department of Child Health Care, Guiyang Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Guiyang, Guizhou 550001, China
  • Received:2019-06-21 Revised:2019-08-19 Online:2019-12-10 Published:2019-12-10


张鹏飞(综述), 骆艳(审校)   

  1. 贵阳市妇幼保健院儿童保健科,贵州 贵阳 550001
  • 通讯作者: 骆艳,
  • 作者简介:张鹏飞(1989-),男,住院医师,硕士学位,主要从事儿童保健工作
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Due to the characteristics of autism spectrum disorder(ASD), the mealtime behavior of ASD children, compared with healthy contemporaries, often present extreme food selectivity, food refusal and rapid eating.It also includes unusually persistent preference for the traits and texture of certain foods and aggressive, self-injurious, ritual mealtime behaviors.These poor mealtime behaviors affect the intake of nutrients and the development of typical mealtime behaviors in children with autism.If mealtime behavior problems of children with ASD were discriminated and identified in time, it will be beneficial to rehabilitation and growth of children with ASD.A comprehensive, accurate, objective and detailed assessment of mealtime behavior problems can serve as a reference and basis for mealtime behaviors interventions and treatments for children with autism.Therefore, this review summarizes and elaborates on the assessment methods of ASD children's mealtime behaviors.

Key words: autism spectrum disorder, mealtime behavior problems, assessment methods

摘要: 由于孤独症谱系障碍(ASD)的症状特点,与同龄健康儿童饮食行为相比,ASD儿童的饮食行为往往存在极端偏食、拒绝食物和进食迅速等问题。他们对某些食物的性状、质地有着异常执着的偏好,存在攻击性、自我伤害性,进餐的仪式性等,这些不良的饮食行为影响了ASD儿童营养素的摄入及典型饮食行为的发育。早期及时发现和识别ASD儿童的饮食行为问题,有利于ASD儿童的康复和生长发育。全面、准确、客观、详实地评估可以为后续ASD儿童的饮食行为干预与治疗提供参考和依据。因此,本文就国内外用于ASD儿童饮食行为的评估方法进行总结和阐述。

关键词: 孤独症谱系障碍, 饮食行为, 评估方法

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