Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 481-485.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2022-0519

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Influencing factors of the home-based outdoor activities time among preschoolers

ZHANG Hong1, WANG Xinyao1, YAO Chunhua2, YE Sunyue1   

  1. 1. Institute of Child Development, Department of Preschool Education, Jiaxing University, Zhejiang, Jiaxing 314001, China;
    2. Central Kindergarten of Pinghu Economic Development Zone
  • Received:2022-04-28 Revised:2022-05-20 Online:2023-05-10 Published:2023-05-06
  • Contact: YE Sunyue,


张红1, 汪馨垚1, 姚春花2, 叶孙岳1   

  1. 1.嘉兴学院儿童发展研究院/平湖师范学院学前教育系,浙江 嘉兴 314001;
  • 通讯作者: 叶孙岳,
  • 作者简介:张红(1983-),女,讲师,主要研究方向为儿童健康与促进。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To explore the influencing factors of time for preschooler home-based outdoor activities, especially the interaction between parents and children and grandparental care, so as to provide theoretical basis for the intervention on preschool-aged children's home-based outdoor activities. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted using a convenience group sampling method among 1 431 parents of preschool-aged children from four kindergartens in Pinghu City, Zhejiang Province. Statistical analysis was carried out by multivariate Logistic regression model. Results The outdoor activity time ≥1h/d of father (OR=3.87, 95% CI:1.74 - 8.59), mother (OR=12.82, 95%CI:7.12 - 23.08) and grandparents (OR=3.39, 95% CI:2.08 - 5.53), the accessibility of outdoor activity fields (OR=1.61, 95% CI:1.25 - 2.07) and boys (OR=2.83, 95%CI:1.30 - 6.16) were the influencing factors of outdoor activity time (≥2h/d vs. <1h/d) among preschoolers. The interaction was observed between fathers' outdoor activity and preschoolers' gender. The statistically significant dose-effect relationship between fathers' outdoor activity [OR (95%CI):1.89(1.19 - 3.00), 4.50(1.94 - 10.42)] and girls' outdoor activity was also observed (P<0.001). Conclusions The outdoor activity time of parents and grandparents, the accessibility of outdoor activity fields are crucial changeable factors affecting the outdoor activity time of preschool-aged children at home. Strengthening health education and lifestyle management in non-parental caregivers, as well as paying attention to the important influence of the role of father, may be an important way to promote home-based outdoor activities of preschool-aged children.

Key words: preschool-aged children, outdoor activities, parents, grandparents

摘要: 目的 探讨学龄前儿童居家户外活动时间的影响因素,特别是父母与子女的交互作用、隔代照护等因素的影响,为有效干预学龄前儿童居家户外活动提供理论依据。方法 采用方便整群抽样的方法于2020年9—10月对浙江省平湖市4所幼儿园1 431名学龄前儿童的家长进行问卷调查,通过多因素Logistic回归模型等进行统计分析。结果 父亲[OR(95%CI):3.87(1.74~8.59)]、母亲[OR(95%CI):12.82(7.12~23.08)]与祖父母[OR(95%CI):3.39(2.08~5.53)]的户外活动时间≥1h/d、户外活动场地可及性[OR(95%CI):1.61(1.25~2.07)]及男童[OR(95%CI):2.83(1.30~6.16)]与学龄前儿童户外活动时间(≥2h/d vs. <1h/d)的关系有统计学意义。同时,父亲与儿童性别存在交互作用,父亲户外活动时间(1~2h/d、≥2h/d vs. <1h/d)与女童户外活动时间的关系存在“剂量-效应”关系[OR(95%CI):1.89(1.19~3.00)、4.50(1.94~10.42)]。结论 父母、隔代照护人的户外活动时间、户外活动场地是学龄前儿童居家户外活动时间的重要可变因素。加强隔代照护人的健康知识普及和日常行为管理,以及注重父亲角色的重要影响,是促进学龄前儿童居家户外活动的重要途径。

关键词: 学龄前儿童, 户外运动, 父母, 祖辈

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