Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 1116-1120.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2022-1062

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Research progress in nutrition intervention of small for gestational age infants

BAO Shuyun1, XING Yan2   

  1. 1. Peking University Health Science Center,Beijing 100089, China;
    2. Department of Pediatrics, Peking University Third Hospital
  • Received:2022-09-05 Revised:2022-11-07 Online:2023-10-10 Published:2023-10-23
  • Contact: XING Yan,


包姝沄1, 邢燕2   

  1. 1.北京大学医学部,北京 100089;
  • 通讯作者: 邢燕,
  • 作者简介:包姝沄(2001-),女,湖北人,在读本科生,主要研究方向为儿童早期营养干预与生长发育。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划 (2021YFC2700700);中华国际医学交流基金会中国儿童生长发育学术交流专项基金(Z-2019-41-2101-01)

Abstract: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants is a special group of neonates.The occurrence of SGA is mainly related to fetal, placental and maternal factors.SGA infants may have early physical growth retardation, and its long-term risk of metabolic syndrome, cognitive dysfunction and other diseases will also increase.Moderate nutritional intervention on SGA infants can promote its early reasonable growth and good neural development, but excessive nutritional fortification is associated with a series of metabolic diseases, cardiovascular diseases and so on.Therefore, balancing the relationship between nutritional intervention and excessive reinforcement to achieve the optimal catch-up growth of SGA infants is a hot topic in clinical research.This article reviews the nutritional requirements, nutritional support and feeding strategies of SGA infants.

Key words: small for gestational age infants, nutrition intervention, feeding strategy

摘要: 小于胎龄(SGA)儿属于新生儿中的一类特殊群体,其发生主要与胎儿、胎盘及母体因素有关。SGA儿可能出现早期体格生长发育迟缓,其远期代谢综合征、认知功能障碍等疾病的发生风险亦会增加。对SGA儿进行适度的营养干预可促进其早期合理生长与良好的神经发育,但过度的营养强化又与一系列代谢性疾病、心血管疾病等相关。因此,如何衡量营养干预与过度强化之间的关系,实现SGA儿的最适追赶生长是临床研究的热点。现就SGA儿的营养需求、营养支持、喂养策略等内容进行综述。

关键词: 小于胎龄儿, 营养干预, 喂养策略

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