journal1 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (9): 971-973.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-09-24

• original articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dysfunctional parenting style among parents of primary school students in one city of northeast China

FENG Ya-nan,CHEN Jing-qi,ZHAO Xiao-xia,LI Jing-yi,ZHANG Wen-jing   

  1. Institute of Child and Adolescent Health,School of Public Health,Peking University Health Science Center,Beijing 100191,China
  • Received:2014-12-07 Online:2015-09-10 Published:2015-09-10
  • Contact: CHEN Jing-qi,



  1. 北京大学医学部儿童青少年卫生研究所,北京 100191
  • 通讯作者: 陈晶琦,
  • 作者简介:冯亚男(1988- ),女,河南人,硕士在读,主要研究方向为儿少卫生与妇幼保健学。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To investigate dysfunctional parenting style amongparents of pupils in one city of northeast China and to explore influencing factors. Method A total of 1 134 parents of pupils in one city of northeast China were recruited to complete a self-report questionnaire anonymously regarding demographic and socioeconomic backgrounds,dysfunctional parenting style,social support,physical /mental maltreatment experiences in childhood and so forth. Results The detective rates of mild,moderate,and severe overreactivity were 14.2%,6.3%,1.1% respectively,the detective rates of mild,moderate,severe hostility were 6.3%,3.5%,0.9% respectively.The results of stepwise regression showed that children academic performance,parents' social support,self-report health condition were negatively correlated with the scores of overreactivity and hostility.Physical and mental maltreatment experiences in childhood were positively correlated with the score of overreactivity.Mental maltreatment experiences in childhood was positively correlated with the score of hostility. Conclusions The problem of dysfunctional parenting style among parents of urban primary school students is not uncommon.It should be pay attention to.

Key words: dysfunctional parenting style, parents of pupils, factor analysis

摘要: 目的 了解东北某城市小学生家长不良亲职教育方式的现状及其影响因素,为在小学生父母中开展亲职教育提供参考。方法 对东北某城市地区1 134名小学生家长进行不记名自填式问卷调查,调查内容包括学生和家长的一般人口学特征、家长不良亲职教育方式、社会支持度、童年期受虐经历等。结果 被调查的1 134名小学生家长,不良亲职教育方式过度反应轻、中、重度检出率分别为14.2%、6.3%、1.1%,敌意轻、中、重度检出率分别为6.3%、3.5%、0.9%。多元逐步回归分析结果显示:孩子的学习成绩、家长的社会支持、自评健康状况与过度反应得分和敌意得分均呈负相关。童年期躯体虐待、情感虐待经历与过度反应得分呈正相关。童年期情感虐待经历与敌意得分呈正相关。结论 城市小学生家长的不良亲职教育方式问题较严重,需要引起重视。

关键词: 不良亲职教育方式, 小学生家长, 因素分析

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