journal1 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (7): 775-777.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-26-07-22

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Effect of psychological intervention on the improvement of psychological behavioral problems of left-behind children in rural areas of Guangyuan

ZHAO Gui-jun, HE Feng-mei, ZHANG Hong-qiang   

  1. Guangyuan Mental Health Center,Guangyuan,Sichuan 628001,China;
  • Received:2017-08-22 Online:2018-07-10 Published:2018-07-10


赵桂军, 何凤梅, 张宏强   

  1. 广元市精神卫生中心,四川 广元 628001;
  • 作者简介:赵桂军(1974-),四川人,主治医师,主要研究方向为女性精神障碍。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To analyze the value of psychological intervention on the improvement of psychological behavioral problems of left-behind children in rural areas of Guangyuan,in order to provide suggestions for psychological and behavioral intervention. Methods A total of 200 left-behind children in Guangyuan rural area who had psychological behavioral problems [Achenbach Child Behavior Scale (CBCL) were greater than the national norm clinical boundary value] were enrolled from May 2015 to May 2016,and were divided into intervention group (receiving 12 weeks of psychological intervention) and control group (receiving general behavioral guidance), with 100 cases in each group.The psychological behavioral problems of two groups were evaluated by the CBCL scale and the Piers-Harri Children's Self-consciousness Scale before and after intervention. Results There was no significant difference on CBCL scores and Piers-Harri children's self-consciousness scores in boys and girls between intervention group and control group before intervention (all P>0.05).The scores of CBCL factors in boys and girls of intervention group were significantly lower than those of control group after the intervention (P<0.05).The score of Piers-Harri children's self-consciousness scale in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusions Psychological intervention plays a significant role on improving the psychological and behavioral problems of left-behind children in rural Guangyuan.It can be used as an effective way to conduct psychological and behavioral intervention for the left-behind children in rural areas.

Key words: psychological intervention, countryside, left-behind children, psychological and behavioral problems

摘要: 目的 分析心理干预对改善广元市农村留守儿童心理行为问题的价值,为能进行有效干预提供指导建议。方法 2015年5月-2016年5月选取广元市农村地区具有心理行为问题[(Achenbach儿童行为量表(CBCL)任一因子大于全国常模临床界值)]的200名留守儿童,分为干预组(给予心理干预12周)、对照组(给予一般行为指导建议)各100例,对比两组儿童干预前后CBCL量表、Piers-Harri儿童自我意识量表进行心理行为问题评估。结果 干预前,干预组男童、女童和对照组男童、女童的CBCL各因子评分、Piers-Harri儿童自我意识量表评分差异无统计学意义(P均>0.05);干预后,干预组男童、女童的CBCL各因子评分均低于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P均<0.05),干预组Piers-Harri儿童自我意识量表评分均高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。结论 心理干预对于改善广元市农村留守儿童心理行为问题具有显著作用,可作为一种有效的方法对农村地区留守儿童进行心理行为干预。

关键词: 心理干预, 农村, 留守儿童, 心理行为问题

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