journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (10): 1084-1086.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-1449

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Research progress on deformational plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly

GUO Sha-sha, CUI Yu-xia   

  1. Department of Pediatrics,Guizhou People′s Hospital,Guiyang,Guizhou 550002,China
  • Received:2018-11-28 Online:2019-10-10 Published:2019-10-10


郭沙沙, 崔玉霞   

  1. 贵州省人民医院,贵州 贵阳 550002
  • 作者简介:郭沙沙(1990-),女,山东人,住院医师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿科呼吸系统疾病。

Abstract: Deformational plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly(DPB) refers to the flattened malformation of the baby′s skull in different degrees in the posterior position or lateral position,resulting in an irreversible change in the nervous system lesions such as infants′ intelligence and exercise,which requires early intervention from clinicians in child care urgently. At present,relevant literatures at home and abroad have made great progress on the study of DPB. This review intends to describe the risk factors,classification,diagnosis,treatment and prognosis of DPB,thereby providing more detailed clinical data for infants′ health care. Meanwhile,clinical prevention and correction of various degrees of abnormalities in children′s skulls should be done as early as possible to avoid dislocation or limitation of brain structure growth,in order to further improve the quality of life of children.

Key words: plagiocephaly and brachycephaly, related factors, correction measures

摘要: 扁头综合征(DPB)是指婴儿头骨后位或侧位发生不同程度的扁平畸形,导致婴幼儿智力、运动等神经系统病变产生不可逆改变的疾病,亟需临床医生在儿童保健工作中尽早干预。随着医疗技术的革命性进步,目前国内外相关文献对该病的研究有长足的进展,本文拟从扁头综合征的危险因素、分型、诊治及预后进行综述,旨在为婴儿保健工作提供较为详尽的临床资料,临床尽早预防、纠正小儿头骨不同程度的异常,避免脑结构生长错位或受限,从而提高青少年的生活质量。

关键词: 扁头综合征, 相关因素, 矫正措施

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