Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 779-782.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-1388

• Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Factors affecting the motor development of preterm infants assessed by Alberta Infant Motor Scale

HE Jiao-ji*, LIU Xiao-mei, TANG Meng-yan, LUO Hong, YANG Su-fei, PENG Wen-tao   

  1. *Department of Child Health Care Nursing, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University/West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University; Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children(Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China
  • Received:2021-09-07 Revised:2022-03-30 Online:2022-07-10 Published:2022-07-25
  • Contact: LIU Xiao-mei,


和娇吉1,2, 刘孝美1,2, 唐孟言1,2, 罗红1,2, 杨速飞1,2, 彭文涛1,2   

  1. 1.四川大学华西第二医院儿童保健护理单元/四川大学华西护理学院;
    2.出生缺陷与相关妇儿 疾病教育部重点实验室,四川 成都 610041
  • 通讯作者: 刘孝美,
  • 作者简介:和娇吉(1989-),女,云南人,主管护师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童神经心理、儿童青少年心理卫生。;Tel:15198298069
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To know about the motor development status of preterm infants, and to identify its influencing factors, so as to provide evidence for constructing early motor intervention model for preterm infants after discharge. Methods A convenience sampling method was used to select 361 preterm infants, who were born from November 2018 to March 2019 and registered in the Child Healthcare Department of West China Second University Hospital. Alberta Infant Motor Scale(AIMS) score of infants at the corrected age of 3 months old was used as the outcome indicator of motor development. Results Among 361 preterm infants, 311(86.1%) had normal motor performance(AIMS score >P25), and 40(11.1%) showed suspect motor performance(P11≤AIMS score≤P25), and only 10(2.8%) had atypical motor development or motor delay(AIMS score≤P10). Logistic regression analysis showed that weight at the corrected age of 3 months old(OR=0.347, 95%CI:0.174 - 0.691, P=0.003) and female(OR=0.415, 95%CI:0.202 - 0.850, P=0.016) were protective factors for motor delay of preterm infants. Conclusions The early motor development of preterm infants after discharge is generally good. However, it is still necessary to pay more attention to the preterm infants who are boys, especially those with slower body weight catch-up.

Key words: preterm infant, motor development, Alberta Infant Motor Scale

摘要: 目的 了解早产儿早期运动发育状况,分析影响早产儿运动发育的相关因素,为构建早产儿出院后早期运动干预模式提供依据。方法 采用方便抽样选择2018年11月至2019年3月出生,并在四川大学华西第二医院儿童保健科建档的361例早产儿,以矫正3个月Alberta 婴儿运动量表(AIMS)评分作为早产儿运动发育的结局指标。结果 361例早产儿中,311例(86.1%)AIMS评分>P25,即运动发育正常;40例(11.1%)AIMS评分在P11~P25之间,即可疑运动发育迟缓;10例(2.8%)AIMS评分为≤P10,即运动发育迟缓。Logistic回归分析显示,矫正3月龄体重(OR=0.347,95%CI:0.174~0.691,P=0.003)、女性(OR=0.415,95%CI:0.202~0.850,P=0.016)是早产儿运动发育迟缓的保护因素。结论 早产儿出院后早期运动发育状况整体较好,但在后期的随访过程中,需重点关注体重追赶缓慢的早产男童,以尽早发现早产儿运动发育迟缓情况并给予干预。

关键词: 早产儿, 运动发育, AIMS量表

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