Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 884-888.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2023-0356

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Correlation between home rearing environment and screen exposure in children aged 1 - 3 years

XU Yuying1, WANG Xueqin2, LUO Sha2, ZHU Zijun2, YU Liping1, LI Dan2   

  1. 1. School of Nursing, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430071, China;
    2. Department of Child Care, Wuchang Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei 430071, China
  • Received:2023-04-11 Revised:2023-06-05 Published:2023-08-18
  • Contact: LI Dan,


徐玉英1, 王雪琴2, 罗莎2, 朱子君2, 余立平1, 李丹2   

  1. 1.武汉大学护理学院,湖北 武汉 430071;
    2.武汉市武昌区妇幼保健院儿保科,湖北 武汉 430071
  • 通讯作者: 李丹,
  • 作者简介:徐玉英(1997-),女 山东人,硕士研究生在读,主要研究方向为养育照护及儿童早期发展。

Abstract: Objective To analyze the correlation between home rearing environment and electronicscreen exposure of children aged 1 - 3 years, in order to providescientific basic for reducing early screen exposureand building a good family rearing environment. Methods A total of 208 children who were followed up in the Children's Healthcare Clinic of Wuchang Maternal and Child Health Hospital from July to December 2022 were selected into this study. A self-designed questionnaire and the "1 - 3 Years Child Home Nurture Environment Scale" were usedas research tools to investigate the screen exposure time and family rearing environment of children aged 1 to 3. Children's parents or caregivers were supervised and guided by doctors to complete the questionnaires. Results A total of 206 valid questionnaires were obtained, including 110 males(53.4%) and 96 females(46.6%). Children were(26.09±6.21) months old on average. Among 206 children, 57.28% were exposed to more than two types of screen products, with an average age of 17.4 months old.Infants' gender(Z=4.164), age(H=10.619), whether they were an only child(Z=6.190), whether they had independent electronic devices(Z=8.820), mother's literacy(H=6.697), father's literacy(H=9.155), and home parenting environment(H=6.920) were statistically significant for the difference in daily screen exposure time for infants and toddlers(P<0.05). Average screen time was negatively correlated with the total score of family rearing environment(r=-0.167, P<0.05). Conclusions Screen exposure is common in children aged 1 - 3 years, and there is a negative correlation between screen exposure and family rearing environment. A positive family nurturing environment should be built to enhance the quality and quantity of parent-child interaction and reduce electronic screen exposure to promote early childhood development.

Key words: family rearing environment, children aged 1 to 3 years, screen exposure

摘要: 目的 探究家庭养育环境与1~3岁儿童电子屏幕暴露的关系,为减少婴幼儿早期屏幕暴露及构建良好的家庭养育环境提供科学依据。方法 选取2022年7—12月于武昌区妇幼保健院儿童保健门诊随访的208例儿童为研究对象,采用自行设计的屏幕暴露调查问卷及“城市1~3岁儿童家庭养育环境量表”作为研究工具,调查1~3岁儿童电子屏幕暴露时间及家庭养育环境等现况,由儿科保健医生指导调查对象的父母或抚养人现场完成。结果 共获得有效问卷206份,其中男110人(53.4%),女96人(46.6%),儿童平均月龄(26.09±6.21)个月,57.28%的儿童暴露2种以上类型屏幕产品,暴露电子屏幕的儿童平均17.4月龄。婴幼儿性别(Z=4.164)、年龄(H=10.619)、是否为独生子女(Z=6.190)、是否拥有独立电子设备(Z=8.820)、母亲文化程度(H=6.697)、父亲文化程度(H=9.155)、家庭养育环境(H=6.920)对于婴幼儿每日屏幕暴露时间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),平均视屏时间与家庭养育环境总分呈负相关(r=-0.167,P<0.05)。结论 1~3岁儿童屏幕暴露较普遍,儿童屏幕暴露与家庭养育环境存在负相关,积极构建良好的家庭养育环境,提升亲子互动质量及数量,减少电子屏幕暴露,促进儿童早期发展。

关键词: 家庭养育环境, 1~3岁儿童, 屏幕暴露

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