journal1 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 580-582.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2014-22-06-07

Special Issue: 儿童早期发展

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Early developmental environment of left-behind preschool-aged children in rural China:a preliminary study.

TAO Xu-wei, GUAN Hong-yan, FAN Zhao-yang.   

  1. Department of Integrated Early Childhood Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing 100020, China
  • Received:2013-08-30 Online:2014-06-10 Published:2014-06-10
  • Contact: GUAN Hong-yan,


陶旭炜, 关宏岩, 樊朝阳   

  1. 首都儿科研究所儿童早期发展研究室, 北京 100020
  • 通讯作者: 关宏岩,
  • 作者简介:陶旭炜(1982-), 女, 湖北人, 博士研究生, 主要研究方向为儿童发育。
  • 基金资助:
    卫生部留守儿童心理健康干预项目基金 (MOH-MCH-201205)

Abstract: Objective To understand the early developmental environment of left-behind preschool-aged children (LBPC) in rural China. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shucheng Town, Anhui province.The sample was composed of 750 children aged 3~5 years old and their caregivers.All of the caregivers completed the questionnaires. Results It was found that 650 children were left-behind by parental migration.The survey provided the followings1)The LBPC were fostered by caregivers with lower educational level and better economic conditions.2)The LBPC received less health and early educational services.3)The caregivers of LBPC had less knowledge about child's health and care than the control.4)The caregivers of LBPC expressed their needs of multiple health care services. Conclusions The LBPC have harsher early developmental environment than their companies.The generation of intervene programs is in urgent need.

Key words: rural, preschool, left-behind children, early developmental environment

摘要: 目的 了解农村学龄前留守儿童早期发展环境, 为促进其早期发展提供科学依据。方法 采用横断面调查方法, 对安徽省舒城县农村地区3~5岁儿童养育人进行问卷调查。结果 共调查750名儿童, 其中650名为留守儿童。结果显示1)留守儿童养育人文化程度较低, 家庭经济水平较高;2)留守儿童接受卫生服务、早期教育情况较非留守儿童差;3)留守儿童养育人对卫生保健知识的了解程度不及非留守儿童养育人;4)留守儿童养育人对多项保健服务有需求。结论 农村学龄前留守儿童早期发展环境较非留守儿童差, 应采取多项措施进行改善。

关键词: 农村, 学龄前, 留守儿童, 早期发展环境

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