Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 586-589.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2023-0429

• Professional Forum • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Early identification of Chinese developmental dyslexia should be valued

LI Xiuhong   

  1. Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080,China
  • Received:2023-05-03 Revised:2023-05-05 Online:2023-06-10 Published:2023-06-02



  1. 中山大学公共卫生学院妇幼卫生学系,广东 广州 510080
  • 作者简介:李秀红(1973-),女,医学博士,博士生导师,主要研究方向包括学习障碍、孤独症谱系障碍、多动症、情绪障碍等的神经心理机制、儿童生长发育和亲子关系。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Developmental dyslexia (DD) is a persistent neurodevelopmental disorder that is usually diagnosed only when children experience severe learning difficulty after 2 to 3 years of enrollment. This late diagnosis not only leads to academic failure in children, but also has a serious impact on their mental health, career achievements, etc. If DD can be diagnosed before enrollment, its intervention will be more effective. Considering the prognostic benefits of earlyidentification and intervention, as well as many adverse consequences that can be avoided or mitigated, identifying early risks of DD is of great value. But how to early identify DD has always been a challenge. The article aims to introduce how to early identify DD, so as to provide reference for clinical practice.

Key words: children, developmental dyslexia, early identification

摘要: 发育性阅读障碍(DD)是一种持久的神经发育障碍类疾病,通常在儿童入学后2~3年出现严重学习落后时才被诊断。这种晚期诊断不仅导致儿童学业失败,也对其心理健康、职业成就等产生严重影响。如果能在入学前识别DD,其干预措施将更为有效。考虑到早期识别和干预的预后益处,以及许多可以避免或减轻的不良后果,识别DD的早期风险具有很大价值。但如何早期识别DD一直都是一个难点。本研究旨在介绍如何早期识别DD,并为临床提供参考。

关键词: 儿童, 发育性阅读障碍, 早期识别

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