journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (9): 929-931.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-0177

    Next Articles

Early socialization of children′s emotions

SU Lin-yan   

  1. Mental Health Institute of the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha,Hunan 410011, China
  • Received:2019-06-30 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-09-10



  1. 中南大学湘雅二医院,湖南 长沙 410011
  • 作者简介:苏林雁(1949-),女,主任医师,教授,博士生导师,主要从事儿童青少年精神医学的教学、科研和临床工作

Abstract: Children participate in social interpersonal communication from birth and evolve from the living creature into a social person. The key step in this process is the socialization of emotions. Baby gains a sense of security from mother-infant attachment. As they grows older, the children begin to socialize with their peers with the support of mother. They learns to recognize the expressions and emotions of others, and can adjust their emotions to meet the needs of society and realize socialization eventually. Family structure and type, family environment, parental education, and parents′ expectation all play crucial roles in children′s growth and socialization. Factors including poor family environment, improper parenting style, early parent-child separation, and mother′s emotional problems negatively impact children′s socialization, which should raise the caution of the whole society and need to be considered in the intervention early.

Key words: emotion, early socialization, family parenting style, family environment

摘要: 儿童从出生即进入社会人际交往中,逐渐从生物人发展为社会人,其中关键的步骤是情绪的社会化。母婴依恋使婴儿获得安全感,随着年龄增长,儿童开始在母亲的支持下与同伴交往,学会了识别他人的表情和情绪,并能够调节自己的情绪以适应社会需要,实现了社会化。家庭结构及类型、家庭气氛、父母教育方式、父母对子女的期望等都对儿童的成长及社会化起着重要的作用。不良的家庭环境,不当的教养方式,早期亲子分离,母亲情绪问题等是儿童社会化不良的影响因素,应引起全社会的重视,及早进行干预。

关键词: 情绪, 早期社会化, 家庭教养方式, 家庭环境

CLC Number: