journal1 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 169-172.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0242

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Early risk factors for childhood obesity

CHEN Xiao-zheng, LI Yi-chen   

  1. Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital,Affiliated to Capital Medical University,Beijing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital,Beijing 100026,China
  • Received:2020-02-24 Revised:2020-04-27 Online:2021-02-10 Published:2021-02-10
  • Contact: LI Yi-chen,E-mail:lycebs@


陈笑征, 李一辰   

  1. 首都医科大学附属北京妇产医院 北京妇幼保健院,北京 100026
  • 通讯作者: 李一辰,E-mail:lycebs@
  • 作者简介:陈笑征(1992-),女,北京人,医师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童保健。

Abstract: Over the past decades,the number of children with obesity has increased significantly.Obesity not only affects physical and mental health of children,but also increases the risk of metabolic syndrome in adulthood.The main risk factors for childhood obesity include being overweight or obesity before pregnancy,excessive gestational weight gain,gestational diabetes or hypertension,cesarean section,macrosomia,artificial feeding and lack of physical activity,etc.This review aims to summarize the risk factors increasing risk of childhood obesity from pre-pregnancy to 2 years old,thereby providing suggestions for the prevention of obesity in early childhood.

Key words: obesity, chronic metabolic disease, children

摘要: 过去几十年间,全球儿童肥胖率显著上升。肥胖不仅影响儿童的身心健康,且与成年期代谢综合征的发生密切相关。儿童肥胖的早期危险因素主要包括孕前父母超重或肥胖、母孕期体重增长过多、孕期不良的生活方式、妊娠期糖尿病或高血压、剖宫产、巨大儿、人工喂养及缺乏身体活动等。本文拟对孕前和生命早期(母孕期至2岁)阶段中儿童肥胖的危险因素进行总结,为儿童肥胖的早期预防提供建议。

关键词: 肥胖, 慢性代谢性疾病, 儿童

CLC Number: