Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 120-123.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2022-0058

• Professional Forum • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Nutritional support and health management of high-risk infants

LIU Xi-hong   

  1. Guangzhou Women′s and Children′s Medical Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623, China
  • Received:2021-12-10 Revised:2022-01-15 Online:2022-02-10 Published:2022-02-25



  1. 广州市妇女儿童医疗中心,广东 广州 510623
  • 作者简介:刘喜红(1969-),女,湖南人,主任医师,博士学位,主要研究方向为儿童营养与喂养、早产儿出院后医学管理、儿童单纯性肥胖医学管理、母乳喂养指导及母乳库建立与运行。

Abstract: The incidence and survival rates of high-risk infants have been increasing. However, more and more high-risk infants have faced a series of growth and development problems after discharge, which require long-term, systematic, comprehensive and meticulous health management. The health management is recommended to start with nutritional support, combined with capacity promotion, disease management and prevention (including vaccination), implement a three-tier network management model to improve the follow-up rate and compliance, promote the all-round development of high-risk children, make it normal or as close to normal as possible, thereby reducing family anxiety, improving the quality of life and the long-term quality of the population and ultimately reducing the incidence of chronic diseases in adulthood.

Key words: nutritional support, health management, high-risk infants

摘要: 高危儿发生率和存活率越来越高,但出院后的高危儿面临一系列生长和发育问题,需要长期、系统、全面、细致的健康管理。高危儿的健康管理建议从营养支持入手,结合能力促进、疾病管理和预防(包括疫苗接种),实行三级网络管理模式,提高随访率和依从性,全方位促进高危儿全面发展,促进高危儿发育达到正常或尽可能接近正常儿童,减轻家庭焦虑,提高后期生命质量和人口素质,并降低成年期慢性疾病的发生。

关键词: 营养支持, 健康管理, 高危儿

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