journal1 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (3): 308-311.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-03-26

• Orignal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Development of psychological capital questionnaire in children from junior high school.

XU Ming-jin,YANG Xin-guo,HUANG Xia-ni.   

  1. School of Education,Guangxi University,Nanning,Guangxi 530004,China
  • Received:2015-06-06 Online:2016-03-01 Published:2016-03-01
  • Contact: YANG Xin-guo,



  1. 广西大学教育学院,广西 南宁 530004
  • 通讯作者: 杨新国,
  • 作者简介:徐明津(1988-),男,浙江人,在读研究生,主要研究方向为心理健康。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To develop a psychological capital inventory for children from junior high school. Methods Grounded on the overview of previous studies,structured interview and the open-ended questionnaire,the theoretical dimensions of psychological capital were constructed,and a preliminary questionnaire was compiled to measure junior school students.The formal questionnaire was formed in accordance with the results of 603 children via exploratory factor analysis and the results of other 594 children via confirmatory factor analysis. Results The questionnaire embodied 22 items and composed of five dimensions those were self-control,hope,self-confidence,tolerance,optimism and resilience;The questionnaire owned satisfying content validity,construct validity and criterion validity;The internal consistency reliability of sub-scales were between 0.653~0.804,total scale was 0.857;The retest reliability of sub-scales were between 0.730~0.856,total scale was 0.917. Conclusion Psychometric index of psychological capital have good performance that indicate the questionnaire could be employed as a tool to assess the psychological capital of junior school students.

Key words: psychological capital, children from junior high school, questionnaire development

摘要: 目的 编制初中生心理资本问卷,为评估初中生心理资本提供测量工具。方法 在文献综述、结构式访谈并结合开放式问卷的基础上,通过对603名初中生的探索性因子分析和594名初中生的验证性因子分析形成最终问卷。结果 问卷由自控力、宽容、希望、自信、乐观五因子22题项构成;问卷具有良好的内容效度、结构效度与校标效度;五因子的内部一致性系数在0.653~0.804间,总问卷的α系数为0.857;五因子的重测信度在0.730~0.856间,总问卷的重测信度为0.917。结论 初步编制的问卷各项测量学指标总体表现良好,可以作为测量初中生心理资本的工具。

关键词: 心理资本, 初中生, 问卷编制

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