journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1288-1291.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-1383

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Association between relatively short stature and negative emotions in adolescents

WU Yan1,2,WANG Guang-hai2,JIANG Yan-rui2,LI Wen2,DENG Yu-jiao2,ZHU Qi2, ZHANG Yun-ting2,LIU Shi-jian2,JIANG Fan1,2   

  1. 1 Shanghai Mental Health Center,Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine,Shanghai 200030,China;
    2 Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics,Pediatric Translational Medicine Institution,Shanghai Children's Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine,Shanghai 200127,China
  • Received:2019-07-22 Revised:2019-09-17 Online:2019-12-10 Published:2019-12-10
  • Contact: JIANG Fan,


吴岩1, 2, 王广海2, 姜艳蕊2, 李文2, 邓玉娇2, 朱绮2, 张云婷2, 刘世建2, 江帆1, 2   

  1. 1 上海交通大学医学院附属精神卫生中心,上海 200030;
    2 上海交通大学医学院附属上海儿童医学中心发育行为儿科,儿科转化医学研究所发育行为研究室,上海 200127
  • 通讯作者: 江帆,
  • 作者简介:吴岩(1996-),男,江苏人,硕士研究生在读,主要研究方向为认知神经心理
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To explore the association between relatively short stature and negative emotions in adolescents,and inform further psychological education and intervention. Methods From November 2017 to January 2018,multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to randomly select 2 325 adolescents from 12 junior high schools and 12 senior high schools in 6 administrative regions of Shanghai for a survey of the self-reported Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale(DASS) and a parent-reported demographic questionnaire.Adolescents' stature data came from the physical examination data provided by the school. Results A total of 2 312 adolescents were available for the analysis,the mean age was(14.89±2.07) years,and 1 199(51.6%) were male.There were 145(6.27%) adolescents of relatively short stature(<P10),and in overall and each age group,no significant difference was noted in DASS total score,depression,anxiety and stress subscale scores from the normal height control group(t=0.27,-0.24,0.49,0.50,P>0.05).Adjusting for demographics,stature was not a significant predictor to negative emotions(P>0.05). Conclusion There is no significant association between relatively short stature and negative emotions in adolescents,and the contributing factors to negative emotions in adolescents of relatively short stature require further investigation.

Key words: relatively short stature, adolescents, negative emotions

摘要: 目的 分析青少年身高偏矮与负性情绪的相关性,为进一步的心理健康教育和干预提供参考。方法 2017年11月-2018年1月,采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法选取上海市6个行政区共12所初中和12所高中2 325名青少年为研究对象,由青少年填写抑郁-焦虑-压力自评量表(DASS),家长填写人口学资料,学校提供青少年体检的身高资料。结果 有效样本为2 312名青少年,平均年龄(14.89±2.07)岁,男生1 199名(51.6%)。身高偏矮(身高<P10)青少年共145名(6.27%),总体及各年龄组DASS总分、抑郁、焦虑及压力分量表得分与身高正常对照组相比差异均无统计学意义(t=0.27,-0.24、0.49、0.50,P>0.05)。控制人口学因素后,身高偏矮对负性情绪无显著的预测作用(P>0.05)。结论 青少年身高偏矮与负性情绪无显著相关,其负性情绪等心理社会问题成因有待探究。

关键词: 身高偏矮, 青少年, 负性情绪

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