Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 750-754.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-0665

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Advances in the mechanism, assessment and intervention of developmental stuttering

MA Dan*, ZHANG Wen-li, CAO Ling, ZHANG Ling, QU Hai-bo   

  1. *Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University (WCSUH-SCU); Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China
  • Received:2021-04-27 Revised:2021-07-12 Online:2022-07-10 Published:2022-07-25
  • Contact: QU Hai-bo,


马丹1,2, 张文丽1, 曹玲1, 张玲1, 曲海波2,3   

  1. 1.四川大学华西第二医院康复医学科,四川 成都 610041;
    2.出生缺陷与相关妇儿疾病教育部重点实验室,四川 成都 610041;
  • 通讯作者: 曲海波,
  • 作者简介:马丹(1984-),男,四川人,主治医师,硕士学位,主要从事儿童语言障碍的评估和治疗、高危新生儿神经发育评估及早期干预。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Developmental stuttering is a language disorder characterized by repetition of words or sounds, lengthened and paused language rhythm disorder, which is still inconclusive in etiology. There may be secondary associated with motor spasms. Children who stutter may begin to show behavioral, emotional, and social development disorders as early as the age of 3, which are already evident in older children who stutter. Therefore, it is necessary to provide timely interventions to prevent children from serious mental health problems in their future life. This review summarizes the pathogenesis and evaluation methods of stuttering, expounds the treatment methods of stuttering, and takes an outlook at the imaging and treatment prospects of stuttering.

Key words: developmental stuttering in children, mechanism, evaluation, treatment

摘要: 发育性口吃是一种病因至今尚未定论的、以字或音重复、拖长、停顿的语言节奏紊乱为特征的语言障碍,可伴有继发性的相关运动痉挛,口吃儿童可能在3岁时就开始表现出行为、情感和社会发展方面的障碍,而这些障碍在年龄较大的口吃儿童中会表现得更明显。因此,需要及时提供干预措施,防止患儿在今后生活中出现严重的心理健康问题。本文综述了口吃发病机制和评估方法,并阐述了口吃的和治疗方法,最后展望了口吃的影像学和治疗前景。

关键词: 儿童发育性口吃, 机制, 评估, 治疗

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