Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 66-70.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2022-0173

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research progress in developmental characteristics of children with minimal and mild hearing loss

XIAO Zheng-lu1,2, LIU Pan-ting2, JI Hui2, HONG Qin2   

  1. 1. School of Pediatrics, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211166,China;
    2. Department of Child Healthcare, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210004,China
  • Received:2022-02-16 Revised:2022-05-27 Online:2023-01-10 Published:2023-01-04
  • Contact: HONG Qin,


肖正路1,2, 刘潘婷2, 季慧2, 洪琴2   

  1. 1.南京医科大学儿科学院,江苏 南京 211166;
    2.南京医科大学附属妇产医院儿童保健科,江苏 南京 210004
  • 通讯作者: 洪琴,
  • 作者简介:肖正路(1995-),女,安徽人,硕士研究生在读,主要研究方向为学龄前轻微及轻度听力损失儿童学习相关能力特征研究。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Minimal and mild hearing loss(MMHL) includes unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, bilateral mild sensorineural hearing loss and high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss. Children with MMHL may have trouble locating sound sources, experience frequent weariness, have difficulty discriminating speech in noisy environments, and experience various symptoms that influence their language, psychological education and daily living. Currently, it is often assumed that this form of hearing loss is so mild that it has received insufficient attention, resulting in a significant percentage of children with MMHL not obtaining timely assistance. The review aims to summarize the effects of MMHL on children′s auditory, language, speech, cognition, school performance and daily life, to reveal the developmental characteristics of children with MMHL, and to find an objective basis for early detection and active intervention of these children.

Key words: minimal hearing loss, mild hearing loss, unilateral hearing loss, high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss, development, children

摘要: 轻微及轻度听力损失(MMHL)包括单侧感音神经性听力损失、双侧轻度感音神经性听力损失、高频感音神经性听力损失。这类患儿可能存在声源定位困难、容易疲劳、噪声下言语辨别困难等症状,影响其语言、心理教育、日常生活。目前普遍认为该类型听力损失程度较轻,没有引起足够重视,导致相当多的MMHL儿童未得到及时干预。本文旨在总结MMHL对儿童的听觉、语言和言语、认知、学校表现及日常生活的影响,揭示MMHL儿童的发育特征,为这类儿童的早期识别和积极干预寻找客观依据。

关键词: 轻微听力损失, 轻度听力损失, 单侧听力损失, 高频听力损失, 发育, 儿童

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