Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 813-816.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2023-0543

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Expert consensus on the nurturing care specialty construction for infants and young children

Child Health Care Branch of Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, Special Committee on Prevention and Treatment of Autism of China Maternal and Child Health Research Association, Hubei Special Children Rehabilitation Association   

  • Received:2023-05-20 Revised:2023-06-05 Published:2023-08-18
  • Contact: XU Haiqing,


中华预防医学会儿童保健分会, 中国妇幼健康研究会孤独症防治研究专委会, 湖北省特殊儿童康复协会   

  • 通讯作者: 徐海青,

Abstract: Infancy is a critical period for children's growth and development, and the provision of good nurturing care and health management at this stage will promote their all-round development in physical development, movement, language, cognition, emotion and sociality. Both the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) mentioned that the most direct and effective way to promote early childhood development is nurturing care. Based on this, the Child Health Care Branch of the Chinese Preventive Medicine Association led the establishment of an expert group to formulate this expert consensus in combination with the actual situation of child health care in China, in order to guide the construction of specialties in infants and young children nurturing care in health care institutions at all levels, improve caregivers' parenting and care skills, help create a good family environment, and ensure infants and young children's health, nutritional balance, life safety, emotional support and opportunities for early learning.

Key words: infants and young children, nurturing care, specialty construction

摘要: 婴幼儿期是儿童生长发育的关键时期,在此阶段提供良好的养育照护和健康管理,将促进其在身体发育、动作、语言、认知、情感与社会性等方面的全面发展。联合国儿童基金会及世界卫生组织在儿童发展目标中均提及,促进儿童早期发展最直接、有效的方法就是养育照护。基于此,中华预防医学会儿童保健分会牵头成立专家组,结合我国儿童保健工作实际情况,制定本专家共识,以指导各级医疗保健机构的婴幼儿养育照护专科建设,提高照护人养育照护技能,协助创造良好的家庭环境,确保婴幼儿身体健康、营养均衡、生活安全、情感支持、享有早期学习的机会。

关键词: 婴幼儿, 养育照护, 专科建设

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