journal1 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 217-220.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2017-25-03-01

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Early detection and dealing strategy on the child emotional problems

ZHANG Jin-song   

  1. Department of Developmental Behavioral and Child Healthcare &
    Department of Medical Psychology,Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine,Shanghai 200092,China
  • Received:2017-02-11 Online:2017-03-15 Published:2017-03-15



  1. 上海交通大学医学院附属新华医院发育行为儿童保健科、临床心理科,上海 200092
  • 作者简介:张劲松(1966-),女,北京人,主任医师,博士学位,主要研究方向为儿童心理发展和精神病学。

Abstract: The prevalence of the emotional problem in children is high and including several disorders.The emotional symptoms are various and atypical in children,often present in abnormal behaviors and physical symptoms.Pediatricians are the important resources for the detection of children psychological problems.The early detection and effective dealing is the key to decrease the impairment of the emotional problems to the child development.It is necessary to well prepare on the aspects of concept,awareness,prediction and alertness.Take more attention on the child with risks and in special families.The comorbidity diagnosis should be highly thinking.The warning signs and the pathway of early detection should be known.The dealing strategy of the children emotional disorders is three-level intervention model.Beginning from prevention to the comprehensive intervention,family,school,consulting and specialty treatment are involved.At the last,the example is provided to explain the intervention model which including health improve,generalizing education,the guide of emotional problem and the treatment of emotional disorders.

Key words: emotional problems, early detection, dealing strategy, child

摘要: 儿童情绪问题发生率较高,包含多种障碍。儿童的情绪症状多样且不典型,常呈现行为异常和躯体症状。儿科医生是识别儿童心理问题的重要资源,早期识别和有效应对是降低情绪问题损害儿童发展的关键。需要在观念、意识、预见性和敏锐性方面做好早期识别的准备。重视高风险儿童、特殊家庭中儿童,重视共患病的诊断,了解警示性症状和早期识别的过程。对儿童情绪障碍的应对措施,采取三级干预模式,从预防开始,家庭、校园、咨询和专业化治疗多方面相介入,综合性治疗。最后,举例解释干预模式,包括健康促进、普适性教育、对情绪问题的指导和情绪障碍的治疗方法。

关键词: 情绪问题, 早期识别, 应对措施, 儿童

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