journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 613-616.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-1402

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on sleep conditions of children aged 2 to 3 years in Haidian district,Beijing

WANG Man-li1, CHANG Xin-lei1, AN Lin1, ZHOU Yu2   

  1. 1 School of Public Health,Peking University,Beijing 100191,China;
    2 Maternal & Child Health Hospital of Haidian,Beijing 100080,China
  • Received:2018-10-14 Online:2019-06-10 Published:2019-06-10
  • Contact: AN Lin,E-mail:;ZHOU Yu,E-mail:


王曼丽1, 常新蕾1, 安琳1, 周钰2   

  1. 1 北京大学公共卫生学院,北京 100191;
    2 北京市海淀区妇幼保健院,北京 100080
  • 通讯作者: 安琳,;周钰,。
  • 作者简介:王曼丽(1994-),女,山东人,硕士研究生在读,主要研究方向为妇女儿童保健及健康研究。

Abstract: Objective To find out sleep problems and provide reference for sleep improvement among children in Haidian district by analyzing their sleep conditions. Methods Questionnaires were filled out by caregivers of children.Sleep patterns,sleep problems and the effect of sleep patterns on sleep problems were analyzed. Results Totally 891 children aged (35.38±2.77) months on average were enrolled into the study.There were no significant differences on bedtime,wake time,sleep latency and nighttime sleep duration between boys and girls(P>0.05).Bedtime and wake time were earlier in weekdays than in weekends.The incidence rate of total sleep problems was 82.0%(731/891),with 2.4% and 66.4% in each dimension of sleep problems.Parasomnia was more likely to occur in girls than boys.Moreover,the incidence of sleep problems in each dimension was significantly different in groups classified by nighttime sleep duration.The incidence rates of total sleep problems and most dimensions of sleep problems were higher in <9 h and ≥11 h groups than those in 9-<10 h and 10-<11 h groups(P<0.05). Conclusion Sleep conditions are not satisfying in Haidian children and need to be improved.

Key words: sleep patterns, sleep problems, children

摘要: 目的 通过对海淀区儿童睡眠状况的分析,找出该地区儿童睡眠方面的问题,并为儿童睡眠的改善提供参考依据。方法 对被调查儿童看护人进行问卷调查,分析其睡眠模式、睡眠问题以及睡眠模式对睡眠问题的影响。结果 本研究共纳入891名儿童,平均月龄为(35.38±2.77)个月。被调查儿童就寝时间、晨醒时间、入睡潜伏期和夜晚睡眠时长性别差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05),平时就寝时间和晨醒时间均早于周末。总体睡眠问题的发生率为82.0%(731/891),各维度睡眠问题发生率在2.4%~66.4%之间,女童的异态睡眠发生率高于男童。将被调查儿童按照夜晚睡眠时长分组,各维度睡眠问题的发生率均存在组间差异,时长<9 h或≥11 h组的儿童总体及多数维度睡眠问题的发生率均高于9~<10 h和10~<11 h组(P<0.05)。结论 海淀区儿童睡眠状况不佳,需加以改善。

关键词: 睡眠模式, 睡眠问题, 儿童

CLC Number: