journal1 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 93-95.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-01-28

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Analysis of physical examination results from children entering kindergarten in Xicheng district,Beijing in 2014.

GU Li-jin,CHEN Hui-yan,JIA Yan-hong.   

  1. Xicheng Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital,Beijing 100054,China
  • Received:2015-05-01 Online:2016-01-01 Published:2016-01-01



  1. 北京市西城区妇幼保健院,北京 100054
  • 作者简介:谷丽紧(1988-),女,山东人,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童保健管理。

Abstract: Objective To understand the growth and development condition of children entering kindergartens in Xicheng district,to analyze the main health problems of them,and to provide basis for improving their health levels. Method With cluster sampling method,children entering kindergarten who performed physical examination in Xicheng Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from June 1th to September 1th,2014 were selected. Results The rates of stunting,low weight and wasting were respectively 0.19%,0.60% and 1.79%,with above the average of Beijing.The incidences of overweight and obesity were high,being 8.94% and 4.25% respectively,with higher incidence in boys than in girls.The rate of mild anemia in children was 2.39%. Conclusion The status of physical growth among children entering kindergarten is satisfied on the whole,but malnutrition,over-nutrition and anemia in children still exist,so nutrition problems should not be ignored.

Key words: children entering kindergarten, malnutrition, overweight and obesity, anemia

摘要: 目的 了解西城区入托儿童生长发育情况,分析其存在的主要健康问题,为改善儿童健康水平提供依据。方法 整群抽取2014年6月1日-9月15日在西城区妇幼保健院进行入托体检的儿童,对其体检结果进行分析。结果 儿童生长迟缓率、低体重率、消瘦率分别为0.19%、0.60%、1.79%,均高于北京市平均水平。超重和肥胖发生率较高,检出率分别为8.94%、4.25%,男童高于女童。儿童轻度贫血率为2.39%。结论 西城区入托儿童体格发育整体状况较好,但儿童营养不良、营养过剩及贫血现象仍然存在,儿童营养问题仍不容忽视。

关键词: : 入托儿童, 营养不良, 超重肥胖, 贫血

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