journal1 ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (1): 21-23.

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Situation and influencing factors of abuse among children in Guangzhou

LIN Rong, LIU Wei-jia, ZHANG Wei-wei, LIU Wei, LIN Lin, WU Jia-gang, DU Lin   

  1. Guangzhou Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, China
  • Received:2010-08-30 Online:2011-01-06 Published:2011-01-06



  1. 广东省广州市疾病预防控制中心,广东 广州 510080
  • 通讯作者: 杜琳,
  • 作者简介:林蓉(1981-),女,广东人,医师,硕士在读,研究方向为儿童少年卫生学
  • 基金资助:
    广州市医药卫生重大项目( 2007-Zda-03)

Abstract: 【Objective】 To explore the situation and influencing factors of abuse among children in Guangzhou and to provide useful reference for prevention. 【Methods】 Across-sectional survey was carried out among 7 475 children by self-administered questionnaire during 2008. The questionnaire used for this study mainly included general demographic information and Childhood Trauma Questionaire(CTQ-SF). 【Results】 The prevalence rates of emotional, physical and sexual abuse were 59.41%, 31.51% and 17.94%. The score and prevalence rate of emotional abuse of girls were higher than those of boys (t=4.755, H=24.410, all P<0.001). The scores and prevalence rates of physical abuse and sexual abuse of boys were higher than those of girls (t=8.356, H=82.211, all P<0.001; t=8.784, H=52.452, all P<0.001). Sex; age; family structure; living conditions and frequency of parents drink were common influencing factors of emotional, physical and sexual abuse. 【Conclusions】 The results indicate that abuse among children is not uncommon in our city. Children abuse is associated with many factors, and family conditions are important factors.

Key words: abuse, influencing factor, children

摘要: 【目的】 了解广州市儿童家庭虐待发生情况及其影响因素,为制定干预策略提供科学依据。 【方法】 用自填式问卷对7 475名儿童就家庭虐待问题进行回顾性调查。 【结果】 在被调查的7 475名儿童中,情感虐待、躯体虐待、性虐待发生率分别为59.41%、31.51%、17.94%,女生情感虐待分量表得分及发生率高于男生(t=4.755,H=24.410),男生躯体虐待、性虐待分量表得分及发生率均高于女生(t=8.356,H=82.211;t=8.784,H=52.452),差异均有统计学意义(P均<0.001)。性别、年龄、家庭结构、居住环境、父母亲饮酒频率是儿童情感虐待、躯体虐待和性虐待共同的影响因素。 【结论】 广州市儿童虐待问题并不少见,儿童虐待的发生受到多种因素的影响,不同类型虐待的影响因素存在差异,家庭环境在儿童期虐待的发生中起重要作用。

关键词: 虐待, 影响因素, 儿童

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