Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 502-506.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2022-0020

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Research advances on the relationship between motor competence and physical activity and its influencing factors for children

LIANG Yu, HE Yuxiu, ZHOU Lin   

  1. Hebei Normal University, Hebei Provincial Key Lab of Measurement and Evaluation in Human Movement and Bioinformation, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024, China
  • Received:2022-01-05 Revised:2022-03-21 Online:2023-05-10 Published:2023-05-06
  • Contact: HE Yuxiu, E-mail:


梁玉, 何玉秀, 周林   

  1. 河北师范大学,河北省人体运动生物信息测评重点实验室,河北 石家庄 050024
  • 通讯作者: 何玉秀,
  • 作者简介:梁玉(1977-),女,河北人,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为体质测量与评价。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: This article gives an overview of the representative researches in the last 20 years, and analyzes the relationship between motor competence(MC) and physical activity(PA), and discusses the influences of age, gender, health and related fitness(HRF), perceptual competence, cultural background and geographical environment on the above-mentioned relationship. There is an interaction between MC and PA, the characteristics of MC of children with different ages, genders, HRF levels and perceptual competence, as well as its correlation with PA still needs to be further clarified. It is suggested that further studies focus on the moderating variables of the relationship between MC and PA, take the influence of cultural and geographical environment characteristics on the types and patterns of children's PA in to consideration, so as to improve the MC assessment tools. Furthermore, studies are warranted on how to design interventions that effectively enhance children's.

Key words: motor competence, physical activity, fundamental motor competence, children

摘要: 本研究梳理了近20年国内外动作能力与身体活动关系的相关研究,并分析了年龄、性别、健康体适能、感知能力、文化背景和地理环境等因素对上述关系的影响。动作能力与身体活动之间存在交互作用,不同年龄、性别、健康体适能水平和感知能力儿童的动作能力特征及其与身体活动的关系尚需明确。相关干预研究需关注影响动作能力和身体活动关系的调节变量,并考虑文化和地理环境特点对儿童身体活动参与类型和模式的影响,改进动作能力测评内容。如何设计干预方案来有效提升儿童身体活动参与的成功体验和感知能力,尚有待进一步研究。

关键词: 动作能力, 身体活动, 基本动作技能, 儿童

CLC Number: