Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 162-166.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2022-0627

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review of diagnostic scales for the assessment of early neurodevelopment in infants and toddlers

HUANG Heng-ye1, YU Guang-jun2   

  1. 1. School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China;
    2. Shanghai Children′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Corresponding author:YU Guang-jun,
  • Received:2022-05-22 Revised:2022-08-18 Online:2023-02-10 Published:2023-02-16
  • Contact: YU Guang-jun,


黄亨烨1, 于广军2   

  1. 1.上海交通大学公共卫生学院,上海 200025;
  • 通讯作者: 于广军,
  • 作者简介:黄亨烨(1989-),女,江西人,实验师,硕士学位(博士在读),主要研究方向为儿童保健学。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Early infant and toddler development is a critical period in the life span of children, and preterm or high-risk infants are at a high risk of neurodevelopmental disorders. Therefore, early detection and intervention are of great importance to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants and toddlers. This review summarizes common diagnostic scales for neurodevelopmental assessment of infants and toddlers in home and abroad, especially history of evolution, current status of application, advantages and disadvantages of Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Gesell Development Schedules, Griffiths Mental Developmental Scales, and Chinese Children Development Scales, so as to provide a reference for pediatricians′ clinical work.

Key words: neurodevelopment, Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Gesell Development Schedules, Griffiths Mental Development Scales, Chinese Children Development Scales

摘要: 婴幼儿早期发育是儿童生命发展的关键时期,而早产儿和高危儿是发生神经发育障碍的高危群体,因此早发现、早干预对改善婴幼儿神经发育结局有着十分重要的意义。本文对国内外常用的婴幼儿神经发育评估诊断量表进行综述,包括Bayley婴幼儿发展量表、Gesell发育量表、Griffiths精神发育量表、中国儿童发育量表的发展史、应用现状及优缺点等,为儿科医生的临床评估提供参考依据。

关键词: 神经发育, Bayley婴幼儿发展量表, Gesell发育量表, Griffiths精神发育量表, 中国儿童发育量表

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