Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 869-873.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-0276

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

International quality monitoring and assessment of early childhood care and education

HUANG Ying, TONG Lian   

  1. Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University/Key Laboratory Public Health Safety, Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai 200032, China
  • Received:2021-02-25 Revised:2021-06-08 Online:2022-08-10 Published:2022-08-17
  • Contact: TONG Lian,


黄楹, 童连   

  1. 复旦大学公共卫生学院妇幼与儿少卫生教研室;公共卫生安全教育部重点实验室,上海 200032
  • 通讯作者: 童连,
  • 作者简介:黄楹(1995-),女,福建人,在读全日制MPH研究生,主要研究方向为婴幼儿托育和儿童早期发展。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: High-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) benefits to children, families and society in short and long term. It is crucial to establish quality monitoring and assessment system of ECEC. There is no monitoring system of ECEC in China at current stage. Meanwhile, there is a lack of professional and standardized quality assessment tools for ECEC. This study summarizes ECEC quality monitoring and assessment systems including government regulatory agencies, assessment content and Methods in international organizations, developed countries and regions. It is suggested that the government should establish a holistic ECEC quality monitoring and assessment system, emphasizing on the assessment on structural quality, process quality and outcome quality of ECEC. By making policies, developing professional evaluation tools and conducting relative researches, a government-leading and multi-party participated ECEC quality supervision system is expected to set up so as to ensure the healthy and high-quality development of childcare institutions.

Key words: infants and toddlers, early childhood care and education, quality monitoring and assessment

摘要: 高质量的托育服务能为儿童、家庭和社会带来持续性的收益。建立完备的托育质量评估和监管体系,有助于保障托育服务的高质量发展。目前我国尚未建立托育机构质量监测系统,也缺少专业化和标准化的托育质量评估工具。本研究系统梳理了国际组织、发达国家和地区的托育质量监测和评估体系,包括政府的监管部门、评估内容架构和评估方式等。提示我国应尽快建立完善托育质量管理和评估体系,加强对托育机构的结构质量、过程质量和结局质量的系统评估。从政策保障、制度建设、专业评估工具研发等方面着手,逐步形成由政府主导,多方参与的托育质量监管模式,以保障托育机构健康和高质量发展。

关键词: 婴幼儿, 托育, 质量监测与评估

CLC Number: