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    Expert consensus on clinical application of vitamin A and vitamin D in Chinese children

    Child Health Care Professional Committee, Chinese Preventive Medicine Association
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2021, 29 (1): 110-116.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-2118
    Abstract1665)      PDF (1003KB)(2256)      
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    Physical activity guideline for Chinese preschoolers aged 3-6 years
    Working Group on Physical Activity Guideline for Chinese Preschoolers Aged - Years, GUAN Hong-yan, ZHAO Xing, QU Sha, WU Jian-xin, YANG Yu-feng, GUO Jian-jun, ZHANG Ting, LUO Dong-mei
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2020, 28 (6): 714-720.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0982
    Abstract1764)      PDF (1329KB)(1671)      
    Physical activity in preschool period is closely related with the development of bone,cardiopulmonary health,motor,cognition and mental health. Moreover,it will continue to influence their health throughout the course of life. Over the past few years,some developed countries,like Canada and Australia,and World Health Organization have published their physical activity guidelines for children in early childhood. However,there are not yet physical activity guidelines for Chinese preschoolers aged 3-6 years. The Physical Activity Guidelines for Chinese Preschoolers (3-6 years old),hereinafter referred to as the " Guidelines",was jointly developed by Capital Institute of Pediatrics,Beijing Sport University,and China Institute of Sports Science from General Administration of Sport of China under an expert team from sports science,pediatrics and public health. The process of developing the Guidelines follows strict and transparent principle,drawing on the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) Ⅱ instrument,adopting the method of literature materials,and sorting out the relevant guidelines and research evidence of foreign preschool children on the basis of systematically searching,forming the core issues and the draft of the recommendations of the guidelines. After repeated discussions and revisions through five rounds of expert consensus meetings,the Guidelines was finally completed. As the first physical activity guideline for preschoolers in China,the Guidelines comprehensively considers movement behaviors of preschoolers in 24 hours of daily life,including physical activity,sedentary behavior and sleep. On this basis,it raises ten key recommendations in four aspects including the principles of preschool children′s physical activity,physical activity time,types of physical activity,and physical activity monitoring and evaluation. The Guidelines provides recommendations for parents,health care professionals,kindergarten teachers and parents,so as to give professional guidance on scientific and safe physical activities for Chinese preschoolers and meet their developmental needs.
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    Effects of early childhood trauma on children`s psychosocial development

    ZHANG Jin-song
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2015, 23 (6): 561-565.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-06-01
    Abstract561)      PDF (512KB)(1569)      
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    Dietary guidelines for Chinese preschool children (2016)

    YANG Yue-xin, SU Yi-xiang, WANG Zhi-xu, et al
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2017, 25 (4): 325-327.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2017-25-04-01
    Abstract1013)      PDF (699KB)(1444)      
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    Analysis of status and factors influencing children's self-care ability.
    LIN Zhen,CHEN Yi-rong,LIN Yong-le,LIN Qi-yi.
    journal1    2016, 24 (11): 1135-1138.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-11-05
    Abstract813)      PDF (665KB)(1422)      
    Objective To analyse the present situation and the influencing factors that affect it of the children's self-care ability. Method Self-compiled questionnaire (Children's Living Self-Care Ability Questionnaire-Parent Version) and 《Parenting Style Questionnaire》 were administered on 400 parents of young children. Results 3~6 years old children's self-care ability was in the medium level overall,there was uneven development in infants' self-care ability in various dimensions.Out of these dimensions,the children had good control of dressing up,other dimensions showed poor performances.There were significant differences in the children's demographic variables like sex,only child factor,place of birth and so on.Factors of grades,school type,parents and parenting styles also influenced children's self-care ability significantly. Conclusion Self-care ability should be gradual according to children's age and development characteristics,children should be allowed to experience operational processes,have fun using their hands; at the same time,increase the time spent by parents to accompany the children and coupled with cooperation with school to promote the development of children's self-care ability.
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    Investigation on the influencing factors for anxiety related emotional disorders of children and adolescents with home quarantine during the prevalence of coronavirus disease 2019
    LI Shao-wen, WANG Yue, YANG Yuan-yuan, LEI Xiao-mei, YANG Yu-feng
    journal1    2020, 28 (4): 407-410.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0169
    Abstract768)      PDF (644KB)(1355)      
    Objective To evaluate the mental health status of students aged 8 to 18 during the period of home isolation in the prevalence of coronavirusdisease 2019(COVID-19), so as to provide a basis for psychological counseling for students in special periods. Methods A total of 396 students aged from 8 to 18 were assessed for anxiety/depression by Questionnaire Star survey on February 6th to 8th, 2020.All subjects filled out general information and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders(SCARED) were analyzed for the impact of COVID-19 on children′ and adolescents′ mood and anxiety during home isolation. Results 1) The total score of SCARED in 396 students was 16.44±12.30, 87 (22.0%) with scores≥25 and 309 (78.0%) with scores<25.The mean scores of 5 factors(somatization/panic, generalized anxiety, dissociative anxiety, social phobia and school phobia) and the total scores were compared between the two groups, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=13.156, 19.524, 10.381, 13.964, 7.325, 23.371, P<0.001).2) Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that female students ( OR=2.258, 95% CI:1.370—3.721, P<0.001) and considering themselves in danger ( OR=1.978, 95% CI :1.185—3.301, P=0.009) were risk factors for anxiety among students isolated at home during the epidemic. Conclusionss The prevalence of COVID-19 has some influence on students′ mood, especially for girls.Parents, schools and society should take timely measures to guide students to avoid anxiety in special times.
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    Currens status of application of the Family Functioning Assessment Scale

    LUAN Feng-huan, DU Ya-song
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2016, 24 (12): 1287-1289.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-12-16
    Abstract546)      PDF (501KB)(1187)      
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    Expert consensus on nurturing care for infants and toddlers

    Infants Nurturing Care Professional Council, Chinese Maternal and Child Health Association
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2020, 28 (9): 1063-1068.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1357
    Abstract702)      PDF (1149KB)(1138)      
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    Key Points of the Revision of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Chinese Residents, 2013 Edition of Child-Related DRIs
    SU Yi-xiang
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2015, 23 (7): 673-675.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-07-01
    Abstract379)      PDF (450KB)(1128)      
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    Vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D deficiency rickets prevention and treatment recommendations explained

    YANG Shu-fen, WU Guang-chi
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2015, 23 (7): 680-683.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-07-03
    Abstract498)      PDF (654KB)(1068)      
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    Progress of research on the measurement of motor development in preschool children
    WU Sheng-kou, JIANG Gui-ping
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2014, 22 (1): 48-51.  
    Abstract350)      PDF (668KB)(1034)      
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    Screening and intervention for birth defects and common inherited metabolic diseases
    MA Hong-wei
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2013, 21 (4): 337-338.  
    Abstract162)      PDF (456KB)(1030)      
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    Comparative study of S-S method and Gesell developmental scale in children's language assessment
    LIANG Jing, WANG Zhao-hui
    journal1    2017, 25 (5): 514-516.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2017-25-05-24
    Abstract700)      PDF (492KB)(934)      
    ObjectTo explore the application of Gesell developmental scale-language part in language development evaluation by the comparison with S-S method. Method sA total of 130 children aged from 1.5 to 5 years were selected in psychological clinics of Child Care Center in the Xi 'an Fourth Hospital from June 2015 to May 2016.There were 93(71.54%) boys and 37(28.26%) girls.Gesell developmental scale and S-S method were both used to evaluate language retardation degree. Results 1)Overall consistency check of Gesell developmental scale and S-S method in language retardation showed:the Kappa score was 0.639( P<0.05),sensitivity was 77.2%,specificity was 86.3%.2)Overall consistency check of Gesell developmental scale and S-S method in mild language retardation showed that the Kappa score was 0.481( P<0.05).3)S-S method in mild language retardation for two age groups showed that the constituent ratio of language characteristics had statistical differences ( P<0.05).Children under 2 years old mainly had problem in language expression,while children above 2 years old mainly had problem in language comprehension. Conclusions 1)Gesell developmental scale can be used as a language development screening tool.2)Gesell developmental scale and S-S method can be used in combination,S-S method can be used for qualitative,Gesell developmental scale can be used for severity classification.3)S-S method should be used to ascertain diagnosis for the children under 2 years old whose language scores of Gesell developmental scale show margin state.
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    Research on the social identity of rural left-behind children and its influence on health risk behavior
    LIU Xian-hua,YAN Liang-shi,HU Yi-qiu
    journal1    2015, 23 (9): 931-933.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-09-11
    Abstract202)      PDF (437KB)(871)      
    Objective To explore the social identity of rural left-behind children and its relationship with health risk behavior. Method A total of 178 rural left-behind children and 132 rural non-left-behind children were surveyed by the Fourth Version of Aspects of Identity Questionnaire (AIQ-Ⅳ) and the Adolescent Health Related Risky Behavior Inventory (AHRBI). Results 1) The rural left-behind children reported significantly more scores in personal identity ( F=8.669, P<0.01) and less scores in group identity ( F=88.403, P<0.01),compared to rural non-left-behind children.2) Social identity of rural left-behind children could predict 10% variance of their health risk behavior.The structural equation modeling fitting analysis was brought out:RMR=0.034,GFI=0.909,IFI=0.913,PGFI=0.525. Conclusion The rural left-behind children have high level of personal identity and low level of group identity,and the social identity is an important influencing factor of their health risk behavior.
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    Investigation on the status and influencing factors for depression symptom of children and adolescents with home quarantine during the prevalence of novel coronavirus pneumonia
    WANG Yue, YANG Yuan-yuan, LI Shao-wen, LEI Xiao-mei, YANG Yu-feng
    journal1    2020, 28 (3): 277-280.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0178
    Abstract423)      PDF (596KB)(862)      
    Objective To understand and explore the depression status and its influencing factors among children and adolescent students during the prevalence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19),in order to provide reference for the psychological intervention for students in this area. Methods A self-designed general data questionnaire,Depression Self-rating Scale for Children (DSRS)and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) were typed in the questionnaire was sent out to children and adolescent aged 8 to 18 years by Wechat APP from February 6th to 8th,2020.Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors associated with NCP by SPSS 22.0 software. Results Totally 396 valid questionnaire were returned.The average score of DSRS score was 7.35±5.10.Using 15 as the cut point of having depression symptoms,it was found that 41 students (10.4%) had depression symptoms obviously.Multivariate analysis showed that anxiety score,dwelling area,fear of the COVID-19 prevalence and age were influencing factors of DSRS score (P<0.05).Logistic analysis indicated that anxiety (OR=4.284,95%CI:2.163~8.486,P<0.001),dwelling in suburban and rural areas (OR=2.382,95%CI:1.120~5.069,P=0.024),and fear of COVID-19 related events (OR=3.312,95%CI:1.210~9.064,P=0.020) were risk factors for depression of children and adolescent with home quarantine. Conclusions Psychological intervention should be strengthen in children and adolescents by family,school and the society,so as to reduce the panic and anxiety in children.Moreover,it is suggested to give more concern to older children in high grade as well as child and adolescent dwelling in suburban and rural areas,thereby reducing the depression of them during the COVID-19 prevalence.
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    Intelligence structure characteristic of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder children in WISC-IV
    LIN Wen-xuan,WANG Xin,WU Jie-ling,HE Yan-si,LI Ying,LUO Shao-lan,HUANG Yuan-hui,YAO Xiao-min
    journal1    2012, 20 (1): 58-61.  
    Abstract256)      PDF (564KB)(852)      
    【Objective】 To explore the intelligence structure characteristic of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Children in WISC-IV. 【Method】 55 children who were diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual,Vision IV were selected,and 55 normal children with gender matched were selected by systematic sampling method.WISC-IV were used to test and analyze the intelligence distribution and structure of these children. 【Results】 The FSIQ and other 4 index scores of ADHD children were lower than that of normal children with statistical difference( P<0.05).In the subtests,the BD,DS,PCn,LN,MR and SS scores of ADHD children were lower than those of normal children with statistical difference( P<0.05).And the factor IV-impulse-hyperactivity index of Conners Child Behavior Rating Scale was negatively correlated with the FSIQ,PRI and WMI scores( P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 WISC-IV shows some advantage and feature in clinical diagnosis and treatment work of ADHD,and we can do some nichetargeting coach and training in clinical work and nursing care service.
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    Epidemiologic status and influencing factors of obesity in children and adolescents
    TANG Qing,CHEN Shao-ke,LUO Jing-si,FAN Xin,FENG Ying
    journal1    2011, 19 (11): 1014-1017.  
    Abstract314)      PDF (613KB)(839)      
    【Objective】 To study the epidemiologic prevalence status and influencing factors of overweight and obesity children and adolescents aged 7~18 years in Nanning, aimed at providing a scientific basis for further study of the pathogenesis of obesity and the development of effective control measures. 【Methods】 A stratified random sampling method was used for collecting 5 658 children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 in Nanning. The sample data of height and weight were measured and collected. The sample was screened based on the diagnostic criteria of "Body mass index reference norm for screening overweight and obesity in Chinese children and adolescents". The overweight and obesity children and adolescents were diagnosed and inspected the influencing factors using multiple stepwise regression analysis. 【Results】 The detection rate of overweight children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 was 10.12%. Obesity rate was 8.48% in Nanning . The overweight and obesity prevalence in boys was significantly higher than that in girls ( P <0.01); the rates of each age group of overweight and obesity were significantly different ( P <0.05). The data from the standard regression coefficient showed the most influential variable to the least influential variable on overweight and obesity: the history of obese parents, watching television (video games) time, outdoor exercise time, eating greasy food and sweets, speed of eating,birth weight, and infant 4 months feeding. 【Conclusion】 The incidence levels of overweight and obesity children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 in Nanning area are close to the national average. The major influencing factors on obesity children and adolescents include heredity, dietary custom and exercise.
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    Current situation of childhood accidental injury and intervention in China
    WU Kang-min
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2013, 21 (10): 1009-1011.  
    Abstract251)      PDF (534KB)(822)      
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    Challenges and opportunities for childhood obesity prevention and control in China
    MA Guan-sheng, ZHANG Yu
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2020, 28 (2): 117-119.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0048
    Abstract308)      PDF (561KB)(816)      
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    Expert consensus on early intervention for neurobehavioral development in high risk newborn

    Infant and Child Development, China Eugenics Association Professional Committee
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2022, 30 (3): 233-236.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-0625
    Abstract547)      PDF (821KB)(802)      
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    Correlation study of gross motor development and physical-related fitness in 3~6 aged children.
    WU Sheng-kou,JIANG Gui-ping,ZHANG Shou-wen,ZHAO Ya-min,WANG Xue-yan.
    journal1    2015, 23 (2): 172-175.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-02-19
    Abstract294)      PDF (575KB)(785)      
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    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2023, 31 (6): 581-585.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2023-0347
    Abstract320)      PDF (910KB)(760)      
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    Study on early development training on infant neuropsychological development
    XIE Ya-chun,YAO Tian-hong,HU Xiao-sha,DONG Jing,XU Xin,CHEN Xue-qiong,CHI Xia,TONG Mei-ling
    journal1    2013, 21 (11): 1228-1230.  
    Abstract172)      PDF (446KB)(746)      
    Objective To explore the effect of early development training on infant neuropsychological development,demonstrating,and popularize the education mode of demonstration and individualized,Thereby promoting early child development. Methods A total of 71 infants of early education group and 70 infants of control group were regularly followed up within 12 months.During follow-up,Gesell developmental scale was used at 6 months,9 months,12 months of age,and the developmental quotient (DQ) were analyzed between early education group and control group. Results At 9 months of age,both fine motor DQ and language DQ of early education group were significantly higher than control group ( P<0.05).At 12 months of age,the fine motor DQ,language DQ,and social adaptation DQ of early education group were significantly higher than control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions The early development training can promote infant neuropsychological development,fine motor and language were more dependent on environmental stimulation,and the demonstration and individualized education mode of early child development was a long-term and positive significance.
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    Cited: Baidu(5)
    journal1    2016, 24 (6): 561-563.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-06-01
    Abstract277)      PDF (538KB)(730)      
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    Responsive feeding in infant and young child nurturing care
    XU Pei-bin, YIN Chun-lan
    journal1    2020, 28 (9): 955-957.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1090
    Abstract421)      PDF (1128KB)(725)      
    Except for the amount and type of food,researchers are increasingly aware of this,unresponsive feeding is a major barrier to health and nutrition.For this,responsive feeding is promoted in the feeding guidelines of WHO and UNICEF.This paper focuses on the scope,challenges,implementation plan,promotion strategy and effect monitoring of responsive feeding to promote the development of responsive feeding in infant care.
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    Expert consensus on growth and development follow-up management techniques for high-risk newborns discharged from NICU at 0-3 years old

    Child Health Care Group, Pediatrician Branch, Chinese Medical Association
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2021, 29 (8): 809-814.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-2035
    Abstract459)      PDF (984KB)(718)      
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    Prevalence of depression in Chinese children and adolescents:a Meta-analysis.
    LI Jiu-ling,CHEN Xing,ZHAO Chun-hua,XU Yong
    journal1    2016, 24 (3): 295-298.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-03-22
    Abstract449)      PDF (518KB)(710)      
    Objective To estimate the prevalence of depression among children and adolescents in China. Methods Publications between 2000 and 2014 were extracted from China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI),Wanfang Databases and Chinese Science and Technology Journal Databases(VIP) and Chinese Biomedical Database(CBM).Observational studies on prevalence of depression were included.The prevalence of depression was combined by meta-analysis.Subgroup analysis was undertook by gender and region. Results A total of 14 papers were included in this study.The total number of participants investigated was 72 402,with 12 318 depression cases identified.It was considered that the homogeneity of the references were moderate after testing of heterogeneity( I 2=49.6%).The model of the meta-analysis had statistical significance ( q=0.999, P=0.000).The pooled prevalence was 15.4%( P=0.000) and the 95% confidence interval was from 13.3% to 17.8%.Subgroup analysis shows that the prevalence of boys(16.8%) was higher than the girls(15.6%);the prevalence of rural (20.0%)was higher than the city (16.2%)and the prevalence of senior school (23.3%)is higher than the junior school (16.2%)student. Conclusion The prevalence of depression is higher in senior high school,we should be early screening and take some related intervention.
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    Influence on toddler's emotional and social competence development of pertinent parenting education for parents
    HE Shou-sen,ZHANG Yan,AN Xiang-mei,ZHOU Ya-ping,WANG Jing,NI Chen-xi,LI Yan,TANG Jing-hai
    journal1    2015, 23 (9): 910-912.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-09-05
    Abstract241)      PDF (451KB)(709)      
    Objective To probe into the influence on toddler's emotional and social competence development of pertinent parenting education on parents of toddler. Methods The 63 infants of experimental group and 62 infants of controlled group were random sampled respectively from two similar communities in Jinan,and all carried out routine health care administer.Additionally the assessment of infant temperament scale,0~1 years old child nurture environment scale and the serried pertinent parenting education were performed for experimental group.By the 18 months,assessments of demographic questionnaire,1~3 years old child nurture environment scale,1~3 years old toddler temperament scale,infant and toddler social-emotional Assessment were carried out. Results The pertinent healthy education on parents could prevent child externalizing,internalizing and dysregulation behavior problems and had some promotion on children's competence. Conclusion It is an effective measure for promote children's emotional and social competence development through the pertinent healthy education on parents to direct them improving child nurture environment.
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    Cited: Baidu(2)
    Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among children in China:a systematic review and meta-analysis
    LIU Xian, LIN Sui-fang, CHEN Wen-xiong, CHAN Fan-fan, SHEN Song-ying, QIU Xiu
    journal1    2018, 26 (4): 402-406.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-26-04-15
    Abstract673)      PDF (877KB)(700)      
    Objective To systematically review the findings of Chinese epidemiological studies in the past 16 years by a meta-analysis,to estimate the prevalence for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Chinese,and to extract its epidemiological characteristics as well as to further explore the differences of the prevalence of ASD between China and foreign countries. Method Databases such as Chinese Web of Knowledge,WeiPu,WanFang were searched for literatures published from January,2000 to December,2016 about the prevalence of ASD/autism in China. Results Totally thirty studies were included in meta-analysis.The prevalence of ASD was 26.50/10 000,and prevalence of autism was 14.00/10 000.There was a significant difference on the ASD prevalence among the following sub-factors including gender,age,screening criteria and so on except northern and southern China. Conclusions Although prevalence of ASD in Chinese children showed an increasing trend,it is still lower than that in foreign countries.The prevalence of ASD in China is clearly underestimated due to the limitation of the following influential factors,such as investigation population,monitoring methods,screening and diagnostic tools.
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    journal1    2012, 20 (3): 193-195.  
    Abstract154)      PDF (488KB)(682)      
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    Nurturing care framework and strategy
    WANG Jing, TONG Mei-ling
    journal1    2020, 28 (9): 993-996.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0489
    Abstract503)      PDF (1140KB)(668)      
    Early childhood development has a long-term influence on an individual′s physical development,brain development,mental health,and even has an impact on the health and wellbeing whose benefits last a lifetime and carry into the next generation.But a significant number of children are still at risk of stunting,whose development is the key to the well being of all mankind.The implementation of nurturing care can effectively improve the early development potential of babies,ensure children′s good health and nutrition,and protect them from threats.Nurturing care also means giving young children opportunities for early learning,through interactions that are responsive and emotionally supportive.This review systematically introduces the nurturing care framework and strategy,thereby providing a basis for further clinical and scientific research.
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    journal1    2016, 24 (2): 113-115.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-02-01
    Abstract280)      PDF (468KB)(663)      
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    Survey on prevalence of allergic symptoms among 0 to 24 months old children in Chinese cities
    WANG Shuo,JIANG Jing-xiong,WANG Yan,WANG Zi-huan,WANG Ting,WANG Hui-shan
    journal1    2016, 24 (2): 119-122.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2016-24-02-03
    Abstract682)      PDF (592KB)(663)      
    Objective To study the situation of allergic diseases among 0~24 months children in Chinese cities,and to provide theoretical basis for early-stage prevention and intervention against infantile allergies. Methods Thirty-three cities were chosen according to China's geological and demographic distribution.Randomly cluster sampling method was used to choose a community within each city as the sample region,the mothers of children were interviewed and conducted face-to-face questionnaire survey. Results The overall prevalence rate reported from parents for urban 0 to 24 months old was 40.9%(95% CI:40.1%~41.6%),the prevalence rate was 12.3%(95% CI:11.7%~13.0%);among prevalent allergic symptoms,the one with the highest rate was rash and pruritus(62.1%),the second and third highest were symptoms of eyes and nose and gastrointestinal symptoms,accounting for 7.6% and 6.9% respectively;The prevalence rate peaked among infants 4 to 6 months old,prevalence rate dropped sharply among infants older than 6 months( P<0.05).The prevalence rate for boys was higher than that of girls( P<0.05). Conclusions The prevalence rate of allergic diseases in Chinese infants and toddlers is approaching the level of developed countries and regions,signifying the importance of primary prevention for infantile allergic diseases.This study provides data for monitoring the trendy of infantile allergies as well as carrying out allergy screening and prevention.
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    Cited: Baidu(2)
    journal1    2012, 20 (9): 773-775.  
    Abstract185)      PDF (487KB)(662)      
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    journal1    2015, 23 (10): 1060-1062.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2015-23-10-16
    Abstract365)      PDF (485KB)(659)      
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    journal1    2013, 21 (7): 673-675.  
    Abstract176)      PDF (500KB)(655)      
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    journal1    2020, 28 (9): 953-954.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1356
    Abstract289)      PDF (1168KB)(651)      
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    Clinical intervention of language delays and language disorders
    LIU Xue-man
    Chinese Journal of Child Health Care    2022, 30 (8): 813-817.   DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2022-0871
    Abstract543)      PDF (1370KB)(642)      
    Language delays and language disorders are the most common type of childhood developmental disorders. The exploratory design and initial attempts to implement a Chinese model of an evidence-based clinical intervention pathway for language delays and language disorders were guided by the Clinical Framework of children's language development and the concept of response to intervention (RTI).The early exploratory design also incorporated China's well developed nationwide maternal and children's health care system into the internationally recognized evidence-based tertiary clinical intervention pathway to achieve some initial Results in China.
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    journal1    2012, 20 (11): 963-965.  
    Abstract199)      PDF (448KB)(636)      
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    Study on associations between eating behaviors and overweight/obesity among preschoolers.
    YANG Xian-jun,JIANG Xun,ZHANG Yu-hai,SUN Li-jun,WANG Chang-jun,SHANG Lei.
    journal1    2013, 21 (3): 259-261.  
    Abstract227)      PDF (516KB)(632)      
    Objective To explore the associations between eating behavior and overweight/obesity,so as to provide some references for early intervention of overweight/obesity among preschoolers. Methods Eating behaviors of 387 children aged 3~6 years old were assessed by using Preschooler's Eating Behavior Scale (PEBS).Children's height and weight were measured,and BMI was calculated,and all the subjects were classified into normal weight,overweight and obesity groups according to the percentile reference of BMI for children and adolescent.One-way ANOVA was performed to investigate the differences in mean score of eating behavior between weight groups.Hierarchical Regression Analysis was used to examine the associations between eating behaviors and BMI-Z. Results Significant differences in the mean score of unhealthy eating habit,external eating,food fussiness,emotional eating,satiety responsiveness,food responsiveness were found between different weight groups ( P<0.01).No significant differences were found in the dimensions of enjoyment of food or initiative eating between different weight groups.After controlling for gender,age and mother's educational levels,BMI z-scores were positively associated with the food tendency dimensions of the PEBS (β:0.09~0.21) and negatively associated with food escape dimensions (β:-0.47~-0.36). Conclusions Preschooler's eating behavior might be associated with overweight/obesity,and the risk of becoming overweight or obesity could be decreased through modified children's eating behaviors.
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